STRUCTURE AND CONTENT OF SYLLABUS
(Paper I and Paper II)



Paper I (for classes I to V) Primary Stage:

I. Child Development and Pedagogy -  30 Questions

a) Child Development (Primary School Child)                                15 Questions
·        Concept of development and its relationship with learning
·        Principles of the development of children
·        Influence of Heredity & Environment
·        Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents,
Peers)
·        Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky: constructs and critical
perspectives
·        Concepts of child-centered and progressive education
·        Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
·        Multi Dimensional Intelligence
·        Language & Thought
·        Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender-bias and
educational practice
·        Individual differences among learners, understanding differences
based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion
·        etc.
·        Distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of
learning; School-Based Assessment, Continuous &
Comprehensive Evaluation: perspective and practice
·        Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels
of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the
classroom and for assessing learner achievement.

b) Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs5 Questions
·        Addressing   learners   from   diverse   backgrounds including
disadvantaged and deprived
·        Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties,
'impairment' etc.
·        Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially abled Learners

c) Learning and Pedagogy                                                                  10 Questions
·   How children think and learn; how and why children 'fail' to achieve
success in school performance.
·   Basic processes of teaching and learning; children's strategies of
learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.
·   Child as a problem solver and a 'scientific investigator'
·   Alternative conceptions of learning in children, understanding
children's 'errors' as significant steps in the learning process.
·   Cognition & Emotions
·   Motivation and learning
·   Factors contributing to learning - personal & environmental

II. Language I.                                                              30 Questions

a) Language Comprehension                                                           15 Questions
Reading unseen passages - two passages one prose or drama and
one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar
and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific,
narrative or discursive)
b) Pedagogy of Language Development                                        15 Questions
·        Learning and acquisition
·        Principles of language Teaching
·        Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how
children use it as a tool
·        Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language
for communicating ideas verbally and in written form
·        Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language
difficulties, errors and disorders
·        Language Skills
·        Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking,
listening, reading and writing
·        Teaching- learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials,
multilingual resource of the classroom
·        Remedial Teaching

III. Language II.                                                           30 Questions
    a) Comprehension
Two unseen prose passages (discursive or literary or narrative or
scientific) with question on comprehension, grammar and verbal
ability

b) Pedagogy of Language Development                                      15 Questions
·        Learning and acquisition
·        Principles of language Teaching
·        Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how
children use it as a tool
·        Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language
for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;
·        Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language
difficulties, errors and disorders
·        Language Skills
·        Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking,
listening, reading and writing
·        Teaching - learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials,
multilingual resource of the classroom
·        Remedial Teaching

IV.     Mathematics – 30 Questions

a) Content               - 15 Questions
·        Geometry
·        Shapes & Spatial Understanding
·        Solids around Us
·        Numbers
·        Addition and Subtraction
·        Multiplication
·        Division
·        Measurement
·        Weight
·        Time
·        Volume
·        Data Handling
·        Patterns
·        Money

b) Pedagogical issues                                                                        15 Questions
       Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking; understanding children's
·        thinking and reasoning patterns and strategies of making meaning
·        and learning
·        Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
·        Language of Mathematics
·        Community Mathematics
·        Evaluation through formal and informal methods
·        Problems of Teaching
·        Error analysis and related aspects of learning and teaching
·        Diagnostic and Remedial Teaching

V. Environmental Studies                                                                     30 Questions
a)   Content                                                                                         15 Questions
I.        Family and Friends:

1.1 Relationships
1.2 Work and Play
1.3 Animals
1.4 Plants
II.       Food

III.        Shelter
IV.        Water
V.          Travel
VI.        Things We Make and Do

b)  Pedagogical Issues                                                                      15 Questions
·        Concept and scope of EVS
·        Significance of EVS, integrated EVS
·        Environmental Studies & Environmental Education
·        Learning Principles
·        Scope & relation to Science & Social Science
·        Approaches of presenting concepts
·        Activities
·        Experimentation/Practical Work
·        Discussion
·        CCE
·        Teaching material/Aids
Problems



Paper II (for classes VI to VIII) Elementary Stage:

I.   Child Development and Pedagogy                            30 Questions
a) Child Development (Elementary School Child)                                 15 Questions
·        Concept of development and its relationship with learning
·        Principles of the development of children
·        Influence of Heredity & Environment
·   Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents,
Peers)
·   Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives
·   Concepts of child-centered and progressive education
·   Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
·   Multi Dimensional Intelligence
·   Language & Thought
·   Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender-bias and
educational practice
·   Individual differences among learners, understanding differences
based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion
etc.
·   Distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of
learning; School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive
Evaluation: perspective and practice
·   Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels
of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the
classroom and for assessing learner achievement.

b)    Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with
special needs                                                                                            5 Questions
       Addressing   learners   from   diverse   backgrounds including
disadvantaged and deprived
       Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties,
'impairment' etc.
       Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially abled Learners

c)  Learning and Pedagogy                                                                 10 Questions
      How children think and learn; how and why children 'fail' to achieve
success in school performance.
      Basic processes of teaching and learning; children's strategies of
learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.
      Child as a problem solver and a 'scientific investigator'
      Alternative conceptions of learning in children, understanding
children's 'errors' as significant steps in the learning process.
      Cognition & Emotions
      Motivation and learning
      Factors contributing to learning - personal & environmental

II. Language I.                                                                                        30 Questions
a) Language Comprehension                                                            15 Questions
Reading unseen passages - two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)

b) Pedagogy of Language Development                                        15 Questions
·        Learning and acquisition
·        Principles of language Teaching
·        Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how
children use it as a tool
·        Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language
for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;
·        Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language
difficulties, errors and disorders
·        Language Skills
·        Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking,
listening, reading and writing
·        Teaching- learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials,
multilingual resource of the classroom
·        Remedial Teaching
III. Language - II                                                               30 Questions
a)   Comprehension                                                                          15 Questions
Two unseen prose passages (discursive or literary or narrative or
scientific) with question on comprehension, grammar and verbal ability
b)   Pedagogy of Language Development                                     15 Questions

·        Learning and acquisition
·        Principles of language Teaching
·        Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how
children use it as a tool
·        Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language
for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;
·        Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language
difficulties, errors and disorders
·        Language Skills
·        Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking,
listening, reading and writing
·        Teaching - learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials,
multilingual resource of the classroom
·        Remedial Teaching

IV.      (A) Mathematics and Science:                                60 Questions

(i) Mathematics                                                                              30 Questions

a) Content                                                                                      20 Questions
1.       Number System

·        Knowing our Numbers
·        Playing with Numbers
·        Whole Numbers
·        Negative Numbers and Integers
·        Fractions
2.      Algebra
·        Introduction to Algebra
·        Ratio and Proportion
3.      Geometry
·        Basic geometrical ideas (2-D)
·        Understanding Elementary Shapes (2-D and 3-D)
·        Symmetry: (reflection)
·        Construction (using Straight edge Scale, protractor,
compasses)
4.      Mensuration
5.      Data handling
b) Pedagogical issues                                                 10 Questions
·        Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking
·        Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
·        Language of Mathematics
·        Community Mathematics
·        Evaluation
·        Remedial Teaching
·        Problem of Teaching

(ii) Science                                                                                          30 Questions
a) Content                                                                                         20 Questions
1.       Food
·        Sources of food
·        Components of food
·        Cleaning food
2.      Materials
·        Materials of daily use
3.      The World of the Living
4.      Moving Things People and Ideas
5.      How things work
·        Electric current and circuits
·        Magnets

6.      Natural Phenomena
7.      Natural Resources

b) Pedagogical issues                                                                        10 Questions
·        Nature & Structure of Sciences
·        Natural Science/Aims & objectives
·        Understanding & Appreciating Science
·        Approaches/Integrated Approach
·        Observation/Experiment/Discovery (Method of Science)
·        Innovation
·        Text Material/Aids
·        Evaluation - cognitive/psychomotor/affective
·        Problems
·        Remedial Teaching

V.     Social Studies/Social Sciences                                                    60 Questions
a) Content                                                                                   40 Questions
I. History
·           When, Where and How
·           The Earliest Societies
·           The First Farmers and Herders
·           The First Cities
·           Early States
·           New Ideas
·           The First Empire
·           Contacts with Distant lands
·           Political Developments
·           Culture and Science
·           New Kings and Kingdoms
·           Sultans of Delhi
·           Architecture
·           Creation of an Empire
·           Social Change
·           Regional Cultures
·           The Establishment of Company Power
·           Rural Life and Society
·           Colonialism and Tribal Societies
·           The Revolt of 1857-58
·           Women and reform
·           Challenging the Caste System
·           The Nationalist Movement
·           India After Independence

II.     Geography
·        Geography as a social study and as a science
·        Planet: Earth in the solar system
·        Globe
·        Environment in its totality: natural and human environment
·        Air
·        Water
·        Human    Environment:    settlement,    transport and
communication
·        Resources: Types-Natural and Human
·        Agriculture
III.   Social and Political Life
·        Diversity
·        Government
·        Local Government
·        Making a Living
·        Democracy
·        State Government
·        Understanding Media
·        Unpacking Gender
·        The Constitution
·        Parliamentary Government
·        The Judiciary
·        Social Justice and the Marginalised

b) Pedagogical issues                                                                20 Questions
·        Concept & Nature of Social Science/Social Studies
·        Class Room Processes, activities and discourse
·        Developing Critical thinking
·        Enquiry/Empirical Evidence
·        Problems of teaching Social Science/Social Studies
·        Sources - Primary & Secondary
·        Projects Work
·        Evaluation





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